Pediatric Brain Tumor Clinical Trials

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  • Maintenance Chemotherapy or Observation Following Induction Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy in Treating Younger Patients With Newly Diagnosed Ependymoma
  • This randomized phase III trial is studying maintenance chemotherapy to see how well it works compared to observation following induction chemotherapy and radiation therapy in treating young patients with newly diagnosed ependymoma. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as vincristine sulfate, carboplatin, cyclophosphamide, etoposide, and cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) may kill more tumor cells. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Specialized radiation therapy that delivers a high dose of radiation directly to the tumor may kill more tumor cells and cause less damage to normal tissue. Giving chemotherapy with radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells and allow doctors to save the part of the body where the cancer started.
  • Diagnoses: Pediatric Oncology, Pediatric Brain Tumor
  • Status: Recruiting
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  • Molecularly Determined Treatment of Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Gliomas (DIPG)
  • The primary objective of this study is to estimate the overall survival of children and young adults with diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma treated (DIPG) with a molecularly based treatment strategy, compared to historical controls. Four Biopsies of tumor tissue will be obtained by surgical biopsy prior to treatment stratification if tolerated. An MRI-guided frameless or frame-based stereotactic biopsy will be performed approaching the pontine termentum through a trans-cerebellar or trans-frontal route. The exact biopsy location will be determined by the treating neurosurgeon at the designated participating site with the goal of minimizing procedural risk. Following biopsy,all patients will receive local radiotherapy to consist of 59.4Gy delivered using conventional conformal or other standard treatment planning with adjuvant bevacizumab. Radiation planning can begin with the pre-operative images. Based upon molecular parameters after biopsy, patients will potentially receive erlotinib and/or temozolomide at the start of radiotherapy. Bevacizumab will be given concurrently with radiotherapy beginning at least three weeks from the biopsy and at least two weeks after the start of radiation therapy to ensure that primary wound healing has occurred. Once irradiation is complete, patients will have a four week interim period before beginning the maintenance phase. Adjuvant chemotherapy will be continued during the interim period. The maintenance phase (approxmiately 40 weeks) will last for 10 cycles(28 days +/- 3 days). Based upon molecular parameters as determined at the time of diagnostic biopsy, patients will continue to receive erlotinib and/or temozolomide along with bevacizumab during the maintenance phase. Stratification will be based on O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter methylation status and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression in tumor biopsy samples. If MGMT status and/or EFGR status are not determinable, patients may be treated as per cohort #1(bevacizumab and irradiation) but will be analyzed separately.
  • Diagnoses: Pediatric Brain Tumor
  • Status: Recruiting
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  • Proton Radiotherapy for Pediatric Brain Tumors Requiring Partial Brain Irradiation
  • Some patients with brain tumors receive standard radiation to help prevent tumor growth. Although standard radiation kills tumor cells, it can also damage normal tissue in the process and lead to more side effects. This research study is looking at a different form of radiation called proton radiotherapy which helps spare normal tissues while delivering radiation to the tumor or tumor bed. Proton techniques irradiate 2-3 times less normal tissue then standard radiation. This therapy has been used in treatment of other cancers and information from those other research studies suggests that this therapy may help better target brain tumors then standard radiation.
  • Diagnoses: Pediatric Brain Tumor
  • Status: Recruiting
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  • Cabozantinib for Plexiform Neurofibromas (PN) in Subjects With NF1 (16 Years +)
  • This study, "A Phase II Study of Cabozantinib (XL l84) for Plexiform Neurofibromas in Subjects with Neurofibromatosis Type I Age 16 years or greater" is for participants that have been diagnosed with Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) and have a type of tumor called a plexiform neurofibroma. Neurofibromas are tumors that develop from the cells and tissues that cover the nerves. Plexiform neurofibromas can be disfiguring, painful, and life-threatening. These types of tumors typically do not respond well to most treatment approaches such as chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery because of their slow growth and location near vital structures of the body such as nerves, blood vessels, and the airway. The purpose of this Phase II Study is to determine the response rate of NFI patients with plexiform neurofibromas treated with Cabozantinib therapy using MRI scans. Cabozantinib is thought to work on tumors by blocking pathways that are involved in the growth of tumors and blood vessels that supply tumors. Cabozantinib is considered experimental because it has not been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
  • Diagnoses: Pediatric Brain Tumor
  • Status: Recruiting
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  • A Phase II Study of the mTOR Inhibitor Sirolimus in Neurofibromatosis Type 1 Related Plexiform Neurofibromas
  • Treatment Overview This phase II study will evaluate the activity of sirolimus in children and adults with NF1 and inoperable plexiform neurofibromas that have the potential to cause significant morbidity. The following disease strata will be studied: Stratum 1: Progressive plexiform neurofibroma(s) that have the potential to cause significant morbidity. The endpoint will be time to tumor progression based on volumetric tumor measurements. Stratum 2: Plexiform neurofibromas without documented radiographic progression at trial entry. The endpoint will be radiographic response. As of May 2009, Stratum 2 was closed to enrollment. Stratum 1 is active.
  • Diagnoses: Pediatric Brain Tumor
  • Status: Recruiting
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  • Study of Late-Occurring Complications in Childhood Cancer Survivors
  • This clinical trial is studying cancer survivors to identify those who are at increased risk of developing late-occurring complications after undergoing treatment for childhood cancer. A patient's genes may affect the risk of developing complications, such as congestive heart failure, heart attack, stroke, and second cancer, years after undergoing cancer treatment. Genetic studies may help doctors identify survivors of childhood cancer who are more likely to develop late complications.
  • Diagnoses: Pediatric Brain Tumor, Pediatric Solid Tumors
  • Status: Recruiting
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  • Cabazitaxel in Pediatric Patients With Refractory Solid Tumors Including Central Nervous System Tumors
  • Primary Objective: - To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of cabazitaxel as a single agent in pediatric patients with recurrent or refractory solid tumors including tumors of the central nervous system. Secondary Objectives: - To characterize the safety and tolerability of cabazitaxel in pediatric patients with recurrent or refractory solid tumors including tumors of the central nervous system. - To characterize the pharmacokinetic (PK) profile of cabazitaxel in pediatric patients with recurrent or refractory solid tumors including tumors of the central nervous system. - To evaluate preliminary anti-tumor activity that may be associated with cabazitaxel in pediatric patients with recurrent or refractory solid tumors including tumors of the central nervous system.
  • Diagnoses: Pediatric Brain Tumor, Pediatric Solid Tumors
  • Status: Recruiting
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  • Intra-arterial Melphalan in Treating Younger Patients With Unilateral Retinoblastoma
  • This pilot clinical trial studies whether unilateral group D retinoblastoma, or retinoblastoma affecting one eye that has spread to the inner jelly like part of the eye, can be treated with a new technique for delivering chemotherapy directly into the blood vessel that supplies the affected eye. This new technique is called intra-arterial injection. This may give children with unilateral retinoblastoma a lower chance of needing surgery to remove the eye and reduce the amount of treatment side effects.
  • Diagnoses: Pediatric Brain Tumor
  • Status: Recruiting
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Showing 1-14 of 14 items

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