Chondrosarcoma is a type of cancer that develops in the cartilage that coats the ends of bones and forms joints. Most of these tumors occur in cartilage found in the femur (the large bone in the leg), humerus (upper arm bone), shoulder, ribs and pelvis, and they can occur in the head and neck, as well. Tumors can develop inside the bone or on the surface of bone.
Patients with chondrosarcoma are treated at Dana-Farber/Boston Children’s Cancer and Blood Disorder Center through the Bone & Soft Tissue Tumor Program. Continue reading to learn more about chondrosarcoma or visit the Bone & Soft Tissue Tumor Program homepage to learn about our expertise.
Chondrosarcomas can be rapidly invasive or slow-growing and cause fewer symptoms and seldom spread to other organs and tissues. Several factors, including Ollier’s disease (multiple benign tumors within bone) and a rare genetic disorder called Maffucci syndrome, may contribute to disease risk.
Symptoms of chondrosarcoma include:
A physician may order a number of different tests to diagnose chondrosarcoma. In addition to a medical history and physical exam, these may include: