Thyroid carcinoma is an uncommon cancer in children that forms in the thyroid gland, the
butterfly shaped gland at the base of the neck, which produces hormones that play a critical role in a child’s growth and metabolism. Unusually high exposure to radiation can cause children to develop thyroid carcinoma, which is one reason radiation is no longer used to treat benign conditions.
There are two main types of thyroid carcinoma:
At diagnosis, about 70 percent of children have disease that has spread to the lymph nodes. Of these, 20 percent have disease that has spread to more distant sites,
especially the lungs.
Children with thyroid carcinoma are treated at Dana-Farber/Boston Children’s Cancer and Blood Disorders Center through our Solid Tumor Center. Continue reading to learn more about thyroid carcinoma or visit the Rare Tumors Treatment Program homepage to learn about our expertise and treatment options.
Most children feel well
when they are diagnosed with thyroid carcinoma. The most common symptoms of the
In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination, thyroid
carcinoma is diagnosed with:
After all tests are completed, doctors will be able to outline the best
The most common treatments for thyroid carcinoma are: