A germinoma is a
type of germ cell tumor that is most commonly found in the brain. Usually, germ cells migrate to the gonads during fetal
development and become an egg in the female ovaries or sperm in the male
testes. However, if these germ cells don't migrate to the correct location, they can become trapped in the brain and multiply in areas where they shouldn’t.
There are two
main types of germ cell tumors of the brain:
Learn more about germ cell tumors:
are very rare, at Dana-Farber/Boston Children's Cancer and Blood Disorders
Center, we have helped many infants, children and adolescents who have been
diagnosed with germinoma. Our pediatric Brain
Tumor Center is a world-renowned destination for
children with malignant and non-malignant brain and spinal cord tumors. Our
patients receive care from neurologists, neuro-oncologists, neurosurgeons and
pediatric subspecialists with extensive expertise in all types of brain tumors, including germinomas.
brain tumor specialists provide unique expertise in treating
all forms of pediatric brain tumors, even rare tumors like germinomas. We are
dedicated to anticipating any complications that your child may experience and
developing the best therapeutic plans to manage them.
There are different treatments that
may be used to treat children with a germinoma tumor, including:
Germinoma carry a relatively
excellent prognosis. It's very unlikely that the tumor will spread outside the
central nervous system. Overall, germinomas are cured in more than 90
percent of cases.
However, many children will face
physical, psychological, social and intellectual challenges related to their
treatment, and should receive ongoing assessment and specialized care.
At our brain tumor survivorship program – the Stop and Shop Family Pediatric
Neuro-Oncology Outcomes Clinic – children meet with their
neurosurgeon, radiation oncologist, pediatric neuro-oncologist and neurologists
at the same follow-up visit. Our multidisciplinary approach and depth of
expertise also give your child on-site access to endocrinologists,
neuro-psychologists and alternative/complementary therapy specialists. School
liaison and psychosocial personnel from the pediatric brain tumor team are also
available. In addition, children needing rehabilitation may meet with speech,
physical, and occupational therapists during and after treatments.
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