Leiomyosarcoma is a very rare, but treatable form of cancer. This soft-tissue sarcoma grows in smooth muscle tissues in the skin and organs. In children, it usually grows near the gastrointestinal tract, affecting the stomach, small intestine, colon, appendix rectum or anus. These tumors are not highly aggressive and, if treated early, rarely spread or are life-threatening.
There are several different types of leiomyosarcomas:
Children leiomyosarcoma are treated at Dana-Farber/Boston Children's Cancer and Blood Disorders Center through our Bone and Soft Tissue Program. Continue reading to learn more about leiomyosarcoma or visit the Bone and Soft Tissue Program homepage to learn about our expertise and treatment options for this condition.
Leiomyosarcomas may exist for a long time before they are discovered. The most common symptoms include:
Different forms of the disease have specific symptoms, including:
In addition to physical and neurological examinations, leiomyosarcoma is diagnosed with:
After all tests are completed, doctors will be able to outline the best treatment options.
Doctors treat leiomyosarcoma with:
Karen Marcus MD, Chief of Radiation Oncology, discusses the basics of radiation in the treatment of solid tumors in children.