Synovial sarcoma is a serious condition that affects the soft tissues of the body. The rare, malignant tumors most often occur near the knee, but also near other joints in the arms and legs. Affecting young children, adolescents and young adults, synovial sarcoma can spread to the lungs and, less often, nearby lymph nodes. Small tumors that can be surgically removed are easier to treat than larger tumors, tumors that cannot be removed with surgery, or those that have spread.
Children and young adults with synovial sarcoma are treated at Dana-Farber/Boston Children’s Cancer and Blood Disorders Center through our Bone & Soft Tissue Program. Continue reading to learn more about synovial sarcoma or visit the Bone & Soft Tissue Program homepage to learn about our expertise and treatment options for this condition.
The symptoms of synovial sarcoma can resemble those of arthritis, bursitis or synovitis. Because it is a slow-growing tumor, a child may not have or notice symptoms for some time, resulting in a delayed diagnosis. The most common symptoms are:
In addition to a complete physical examination, synovial sarcoma is diagnosed with:
After all tests are completed, doctors will be able to outline the best treatment options.
Treatment of synovial sarcoma may involve a combination of surgery, radiation therapy and/or chemotherapy:
Lindsay Frazier MD explains how a multidisciplinary team of specialists come together to deliver care for solid tumors.