Thyroid carcinoma is a rare cancer in children that forms in
the thyroid gland, the butterfly-shaped gland at the base of the neck that produces
hormones that play a critical role in a child’s growth and metabolism. Some
cases of thyroid cancer are due to high exposure to radiation or rare familial
conditions, but most thyroid cancers occur in children with no known risk
The two most common types of thyroid carcinoma in children
At diagnosis, about 70 percent of children have disease that
has spread to the lymph nodes. Of these, about 10 percent have disease that has
spread to more distant sites, such as the lungs.
Children with thyroid carcinoma are treated by an integrated
multi-disciplinary team that includes the Boston Children’s Hospital Thyroid
Program and the Dana-Farber/Boston Children's Rare
U.S. News & World Report ranked Dana-Farber/Boston Children's the #1 pediatric cancer hospital in the nation.